It attacks some forms of plastics, rubber and coatings. End uses for MEG range from clothing and other textiles, through packaging to kitchenware, engine coolants and antifreeze. Automotive antifreeze is a liquid that is used in the cooling system of the combustion engine and the radiator of vehicles. The most common applications of ethylene glycol are that it is used as an automotive antifreeze and a raw material for the production of the polyester fibers. Uses. A common problem with cooling systems is a reduced efficiency and lifetime due to lime and rust deposits. Mono-ethylene glycol and its intermediates are required for the synthesis of resins, solvent couplers, freezing point depression, solvents, and humectants. Figure 1 depicts MEG production from ethylene via a process similar to the OMEGA catalytic process from Shell Global Solutions (The Hague, the Netherlands; www.shell.com). Ethylene Glycol: Ethylene glycol is mainly used for the manufacturing of polyester fibers and as an automotive antifreeze. ��2uEQ%���V8���2�\���J�q��ڜL��H˲������!必2�'8W=CI�?�%M���. Mono-ethylene Glycol (MEG) can be used for applications that require chemical intermediates for resins, solvent couplers, freezing point depression, solvents, humectants and … %PDF-1.3 Ethylene glycol is by far the largest volume of the glycol products in a variety of applications. It is used as a corrosion inhibitor in antifreeze and in coolants, and in the manufacturing of polyester. Zahlung mit PayPal, Überweisung und mehr! Perfect for technical systems. It is a colorless liquid with a mild odour of ammonia. It is highly used for various ends segment industries such as textile industry… Polyethylene Glycol: The molecular weight of polyethylene glycol depends on the value of “n” in its general formula. But, as it is much more expensive with lower function, manufacturers prefer to use mono ethylene glycol. Ethylene Glycol: The molar mass of Ethylene glycol is about 62.07 g/mol. In addition to its use in antifreeze, ethylene glycol is used as an ingredient in hydraulic fluids, printing inks, and paint solvents. It is liable to form peroxides on exposure to air and light. An ethylene glycol production follows the reaction between ethylene oxide and water at temperature of 200 °C and pressure of 20 bars to produce mono-ethylene glycol and other higher glycols derivatives. Can be used as heat transfer medium or antifreeze. Ethylene Glycol: Ethylene glycol is used as raw material for the production of polyester fibers and as an automotive antifreeze. For that you will need Propylene Glycol. stream Ethylene oxide p… Ethylene glycol is also commonly used in chilled-water air-conditioning systems that place either the chiller or air handlers outside, or systems that must cool below the freezing temperature of water. Availability of DEG will depend on demand for derivatives of the primary product, ethylene glycol, rather than on DEG market requirements. Because it is the cheapest version of glycol, it is therefore very interesting from a price-quality perspective. << /Length 5 0 R /Filter /FlateDecode >> Ethylene glycol is used to cool refrigeration systems. It is also used in deicing solutions for aircraft and boats. Mono ethylene glycol is also used as a solvent in paints and electrolytic condensers, as a desiccant in gas pipelines to prohibit the formation of clathrates, as a chemical intermediate in the production of capacitors, as an industrial humectant in fibres, adhesives, cellophane, synthetic waxes. The use of monoethylene glycol as antifreeze is well known. For this reason, ethylene glycol is commonly used in the manufacture of antifreezes. A 40-percent solution of ethylene glycol in water has a freezing point of – 25°C, and a 60-percent solution has a freezing point of – 40°C. 30% Product - 70% demineralized water = Protection up to -15 degrees Celsius, 40% Product - 60% demineralized water = Protection up to -21 degrees Celsius, 50% Product - 50% demineralized water = Protection up to -33 degrees Celsius. x���r�F����)p��X B�� �N���%��p��"[��2)��x5��_�_(@7m� �P�����*�����������]Ҹ&��O���$O�ݹ��.����K�ei^�=�YR�e���_���o*���_�'_�4K\r�&�&g��?�����������ç�����w���:�*�)�4�f���E��E���?�����-� �I�&quZ�,O�v�6M�+��t�wU�7YV0�'���̛eer~��p�ɻ��O����wg�l�⹿���W���ن��g�UW=C�"�~��?�N������������s�˟�Β$��-�M��W�/~b���5a�TO��M��(�:���*?m�=�m���D��-���קk�?���7o���S�%o�d�>��T� �}�$ 3AU��C�� Glycol.eu supplies special ethylene glycol for refrigeration and air conditioning systems. Then add the desired amount of glycol. Monarch Chemicals supplies both ethylene glycol and propylene glycol as well as the Moncool inhibited glycol range. It is an odorless, colorless, sweet-tasting, viscous liquid. Apart from this, it also plays a crucial role in the production of coolants, antifreeze and solvents. This is how ethylene glycol came to be used as an additive to pure water, due to its higher boiling point (than water) and antifreeze properties. In the described process, MEG is produced via EO, which is manufactured in an integrated plant utilizing Shell EO technology. The use of ethylene glycol prevents this. Ethylene Glycol: The molecular weight of ethylene glycol is about 62.07 g/mol. Ethylene glycol used to be manufactured by the hydrolysis of ethylene oxide (EO) which was produced via ethylene chlorohydrin but this method has been superseded by a direct oxidation route. Triethylene glycol, HO(C 2 H 4 O) 3 H, is a colourless, odourless, non-volatile, and hygroscopic liquid. ETHYLENE GLYCOL N-BUTYL ETHER may react with bases, aluminum and oxidizing materials. Ethylene glycol is used to cool refrigeration systems. Mono Ethylene Glycol is used as solvent couplers, chemical intermediates for resins, and humectants. This type of glycol can be used for refrigeration and air conditioning systems. Ethylene oxide (EO) and ethylene glycol (EG) are widely used industrial organic intermediates. Monoethylene glycol (MEG) accounts for more than 90% of the market for EG. Ethylene glycol is a chemical compound that has an alcohol with two -OH groups. When broken down by the body it results in glycolic acid and oxalic acid which cause most of the toxicity. A common problem with cooling systems is a reduced efficiency and lifetime due to lime and rust deposits. DESCRIPTION: Ethylene glycol is a useful industrial compound found in many consumer products, including automotive antifreeze, hydraulic brake fluids, some stamp pad inks, ballpoint pens, solvents, paints, plastics, films, and cosmetics; it also is used as a pharmaceutical vehicle. Ethylene glycol solutions are normally preferred over Propylene Glycol because of their more desirable physical properties particularly at lower temperature. The use of ethylene glycol prevents this. One of the most popular chemical antifreeze is mono ethylene glycol. It contains inhibitors and additives against rust and lime and is non-corrosive. Ethylene glycol is an odorless, colorless, sweet-tasting, viscous liquid. Ethylene Glycol is not to be used in the food and/or beverage industry. Furthermore, it significantly extends the lifetime of cooling systems. The product is almost odourless and slightly sticky, furthermore it is easy to mix with (demineralized) water and is not volatile. mono-ethylene glycol (MEG), known as glycol, and the by-products di-ethylene glycol (DEG) and tri-ethylene glycol (TEG). Ethylene glycol is highly toxic to humans and is not used in food products. Ethylene Glycol is produced from ethylene according to the following equation: C 2 H 4 O + H 2 O HO CH 2 CH 2 OH. However, in certain applications involving possible contact of the coolant with foods or beverages, it is recommended to use propylene glycol. Ethylene glycol is an organic compound with the formula (CH2OH)2. Ethylene glycol is a key ingredient in automotive antifreeze and coolant, to help keep a car’s engine from overheating and from freezing in the winter. Accepta 8703 is a high performance, industrial antifreeze, based on mono ethylene glycol (MEG) and has the ability to protect engineered systems down to extreme temperatures as low as -50 o C.. Accepta 8703 has been especially formulated from mono ethylene glycol for use as an industrial grade coolant and heat transfer fluid and is suitable for use in a wide range of industrial. The major byproducts are the ethylene glycol oligomers diethylene glycol, triethylene glycol, and tetraethylene glycol. It is a colorless syrupy liquid, toxic and has a sweet taste. Overexposure through improper storage, handling or use could lead to serious health risks. Ethylene glycol is a colorless, odorless, sweet liquid, commonly found in antifreeze. Mono ethylene glycol also has humectant properties and this makes it ideal for use in the fibre treatment of textiles, the paper industry, and in adhesives, inks, and cellophane. Ethylene glycols are commonly used as intermediates for a large variety of end products. Precautions: Carefully review Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS). Summary Propylene glycol is a synthetic, colorless, odorless, tasteless liquid … The EO is first produced by the oxidation of ethylene in the presence of oxygen or air and a silver oxide catalyst. Mono-ethylene glycol is a vital ingredient for the production of polyester fibers film, polyethylene terephthalate (PET) resins, and engine coolants. It may be drunk accidentally or intentionally in a suicide attempt. -57°C. An important property of ethylene glycol is its capacity to produce a marked lowering of the freezing point of water. Though both materials are bad for living things, propylene glycol is most often used near food and ethylene glycol is most often used in industrial applications. It is commonly termed as ethylene glycol that is colorless, sweet tasting and odorless organic compound. (You can also use a diluted mixture, when your required frost protection is less than -57°C.) Because of its hygroscopic properties it retains moisture therefore enhancing the appearance of skin. Its chemical formula is C 2 H 4 (OH) 2. Mono Propylene Glycol in cosmetics and personal care products: Monopropylene glycol USP is widely used in most cosmetic and personal care products including moisturisers, shampoos, shower gels, fragrances and soaps. The product is completely odourless so does not give off any chemical smell when it is used in applications. Monoethanolamine (MEA) Monoethanolamine (MEA; CAS 141-43-5) is a simple small ethanolamine with one primary amine and one alcohol group. The undiluted product offers frost protection up to approx. It is mainly used for two purposes, as a raw material in the manufacture of polyester fibers and for antifreeze formulations. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Axti Temp E is colorless / transparent as standard, but can also be supplied in blue and red (on request). 4 0 obj When restarting, empty the entire system and clean or rinse it thoroughly. An important feature of the process is the negligible production of diethylene glycol (DEG) and triethylene glycol (TEG), which occur as byproducts in other ethylene glycol production processes. To understand the purpose of glycol, you must first understand how a chiller works. Mono-ethylene glycol - or MEG - is a vital ingredient for the production of polyester fibres and film, polyethylene terephthalate (PET) resins and engine coolants. Available in 25L canister or 1000L IBC container. It is also used as a reagent in making polyesters, explosives, alkyd resins, and synthetic waxes. Ready-to-use ethylene glycol and mixtures of ethylene glycol and demineralized water. Water is the best heat transfer fluid, and MEG is also used for anti-freezing. The major use of ethylene glycol is as a medium for convective heat transfer in, for example, automobiles and liquid-cooled computers. %��������� Let the system slowly come up to operating temperature and let the air bubbles escape. Whereas ethylene glycol would be used in closed systems and in controlled industrial applications. Copyright © 2021 - - All rights reserved. Propylene glycol is also known as a less poisonous replacement for MEG. Applications. It is slightly viscous in nature and shows miscibility with alcohols, water, and aldehydes. The product recovery and purification consume water for the … For more information on selecting the right … In 1995, their production volumes ranked them among the top twenty organic chemicals in the United States. Ethylene Glycol is perfect for technical, industrial systems. Glycol comes in two varieties: ethylene glycol and propylene glycol. Propylene Glycol: The molar mass of Propylene glycol is about 76.10 g/mol. Under these conditions, ethylene glycol yields of 90% can be achieved. Furthermore, it significantly extends the lifetime of cooling systems. If necessary, refill the system to the desired level. It is a vital component for making fabrics, such as polyester film, and is also used … Monoethylene glycol is a chemical substance that is produced by the reaction of ethylene or ethylene oxide. Ethylene glycol is commonly used as an antifreeze agent in automobile cooling systems. 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