Spain owed Germany over $212 million for supplies of matériel during the Spanish Civil War, and Italian combat troops had actually fought in Spain on the side of Franco's Nationalists. However, its ambitions went too far when it attacked Pearl Harbor and brought the United States into the war in 1941. Abyssinia had been occupied by Italian troops in 1936 and incorporated into the Italian colony of Italian East Africa. Slovakia declared war on the Soviet Union in 1941 and signed the revived Anti-Comintern Pact of 1941. Japan was the principal Axis power in Asia and the Pacific. Japan deployed most of its troops fighting in China proper, and was also the enemy of both the Americans fighting in the Pacific War and also the British fighting in Burma . Denmark supplied agricultural and industrial products to Germany as well as loans for armaments and fortifications. The punitive air bombardment into Germany devastated the country and pushed Hitler into a bunker where he preferred to shoot himself rather than being captured. It operated only in those parts of India which came under Japanese control. Pavelic led a Croatian delegation to Rome and offered the crown of Croatia to an Italian prince of the House of Savoy, who was crowned Tomislav II, King of Croatia, Prince of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Voivode of Dalmatia, Tuzla and Temun, Prince of Cisterna and of Belriguardo, Marquess of Voghera, and Count of Ponderano. Planning for global territorial expansion of the Axis powers; Germany, Italy and Japan, progressed before and during the Second World War.This included some special strike plans against the Allied nations (with similar intentions to the James Doolittle raid special Allied Strike). The Croatian Home Guard included a small air force and navy, although its navy was restricted in size by the Contracts of Rome. • Battle of Stalingrad The term was first used by Benito Mussolini, in November 1936, when he spoke of a Rome-Berlin axis arising out of the treaty of friendship signed between Italy and Germany on October 25, 1936. The King publicly reaffirmed his loyalty to Germany but authorized secret armistice negotiations with the Allies. Thailand also had to return the portions of British Burma and French Indochina that had been taken. After the war, U.S. influence prevented Thailand from being treated as an Axis country, but Britain demanded three million tons of rice as reparations and the return of areas annexed from the British colony of Malaya during the war and invasion. Ali sought support from Germany, Italy and Vichy France in expelling British forces from Iraq. Editorial credit: Everett Historical / Shutterstock.com. Zog, his wife and newborn son immediately fled the country. • Second Battle of El Alamein, 1943 On July 10, 1940, Pétain was given emergency powers by a vote of the French National Assembly, effectively creating the Vichy regime, for the resort town of Vichy where Petain chose to maintain his seat of government. • Comfort women Ethiopia was consolidated with the Italian colonies of Eritrea and Somalialand to form the new state of Italian East Africa (Africa Orientale Italiana), which was ruled by an Italian viceroy in the name of the King and Emperor. Denmark's central bank. Like the other Balkan nations, Bulgaria drew closer to Nazi Germany during the 1930s. An avowed enemy of Bolshevism having recently fought the Winter War against the Soviets, Finland allowed Germany to use Finnish territory as a base for Operation Barbarossa. Hitler and Horthy had disagreed on the way to handle Hungarian Jews. The Inner Mongolians had several grievances against the central Chinese government in Nanking, with the most important one being the policy of allowing unlimited migration of Han Chinese to this vast region of open plains and desert. Collaboration with Nazi Germany in German-occupied Ukraine took place during the military occupation of what is now Ukraine by Nazi Germany in World War II.The new territorial divisions included Distrikt Galizien and Reichskommissariat Ukraine, which covered both, the south-eastern territories of the Second Polish Republic and the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, across the former borders. Denmark broke diplomatic relations with the Soviet Union and signed the. Japan. Under the terms of the agreement, Germany occupied approximately two thirds of France, including Paris. During the time of its existence, the Ustaše government applied racial laws on Serbs, Jews and Romas, and after June 1941 deported them to the concentration camp at Jasenovac (or to camps in Poland). Hungary remained as the last fighting Tripartite ally of Germany-Japan. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2021 worldatlas.com. After its loss of the Winter War to the Soviet Union in March 1940, Finland first sought protection from Great Britain and neutral Sweden, but was thwarted by Soviet and German actions. Mengjiang (alternatively spelled Mengchiang) was a Japanese puppet state in Inner Mongolia. • Expulsion of Germans Romania made additional annexations of Soviet territory as far east as Odessa and Romanian armies 3 and 4 were involved even in the battle of Stalingrad. The Soviet Union ended the Soviet-Japanese Neutrality Pact by invading Manchukuo in Operation August Storm on August 8, 1945. The Ba Maw regime organised the Burma Defence Army (later renamed the Burma National Army), which was commanded by Aung San. Finland also granted asylum to Jews, and Jewish soldiers continued to serve in her army. • Europe Axis countries and Axis Powers are the names for some countries that fought together against the Allies during World War II.The war ended in 1945 with the Axis powers losing and their alliances broken. The atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki led to the collapse of the Japanese Empire. Kengtung, the main objective, was captured on May 27. Manchukuo was also recognised by the other Japanese allies and puppet states, including Mengjiang, the Burmese government of Ba Maw, Thailand, the Wang Chingwei regime, and the Indian government of Subhas Chandra Bose. This resulted in Finland drawing closer to Germany, first with an intent of enlisting German support as a counterweight to thwart continuing Soviet pressure, but later to help regain its lost territories. The result was the creation of the new state of Croatia, which also joined the Axis. • Netherlands Prior to becoming head of government in Italy as leader of the Italian Fascist movement, Mussolini had advocated alliance with recently victorious Germany after the Berlin Peace Conference of 1919 settled World War I. The Danish protectorate government lasted until August 29, 1943, when the cabinet resigned following a declaration of martial law by occupying German military officials. The boundary between the Japanese and Thai operations was generally the Salween. The Axis Powers were an alliance of fascist nations that signed the Tripartite Pact with Nazi Germany, Fascist Italy, or the Japan after 27 September 1940. Three Thai infantry and one cavalry division, spearheaded by armoured reconnaissance groups and supported ably by the air force, started their advance on May 10, and engaged the retreating Chinese 93rd Division. 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